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 Surname   Forename   Rank   Notes   Unit 
MaturinReginald GeorgeLieutenantMATURIN, REGINALD GEORGE, Lieutenant, was born 13 November 1877, son of Colonel John Maturin. He joined the Royal Artillery 24 June 1898, as a Second Lieutenant, and was promoted Lieutenant 16 February 1901. He served in the South African War, 1900-2 (slightly wounded); took part in the operations in the Orange Free State, February 1900; in Orange River Colony, May to November 1900: in Cape Colony, February 1900; in Orange River Colony and Cape Colony 30 November 1900 to 31 May 1902. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 28 January 1902]; received the Queen's Medal with two clasps, and King's Medal with two clasps. He was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 28 January 1902]: "Reginald George Maturin, Lieutenant, Royal Artillery. For gallantry in Damant's action 20 December 1901". He was invested by the King 24 October 1902. He was employed with the West African Frontier Force 20 December 1902 to 26 March 1904, and saw active service in Northern Nigeria, 1903; took part in the operations against tribes on the direct route between Bauchi and Ibi. He became Captain 21 April 1906, and was Adjutant of Royal Artillery 27 February 1908 to 26 February 1911; was promoted Major 30 October 1914. Major Maturin again served with distinction in the European War, 1914-18, becoming Temporary Lieutenant Colonel 13 April 1916. He married, 21 January 1917, at All Saints', Kingston-on-Thames, Ella, daughter of D B Maturin-Baird, of Newtownstewart, County Tyrone, and Kingston-on-Thames, and they had one daughter. For his services in the European War he was made Brevet Lieutenant Colonel; mentioned in Despatches, and awarded a Bar to the DSO.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Royal Artillery
MaudeFredwick StanleyMajorMAUDE, FREDERICK STANLEY, Major, was born 24 June 1864, youngest son of General Sir Frederick Francis Maude, VC, GCB, and Lady Maude. He was educated at Eton and Sandhurst, and was gazetted to the Coldstream Guards in February 1884. He served in the Sudan; was present at the actions of Hasheen and Tamai (1885), receiving the Medal and clasp and the Khedive's Star. Lieutenant Maude was appointed Adjutant, 1st Battalion The Coldstream Guards, in 1888, and held this appointment until 1892. He was promoted to Captain in 1891; passed the Staff College in 1896; became Major in 1899. The following notes are supplied by Colonel Sir James Magill, KCB: "At the outbreak of the South African War, Major Maude was Brigade Major, Brigade of Guards, in the Home District, so he was unable to accompany the troops first sent out. Resigning his post in London, he speedily followed, and on the 12th of February 1900, joined the Staff of Major General Pole-Carew, as Brigade Major, Guards Brigade, then encamped at Modder River. A few days subsequently, as he was observing the Boer position at Magersfontein, he came to the conclusion that the enemy had retired, and this proved to be correct. Marching from Modder River, the Guards Brigade arrived at Klip Drift on 19 February. The possession of the Drift was a most important item in the scheme of attack which Lord Roberts was planning against the Boer forces under General Cronje, who had taken up a position at Paardeberg, some 20 miles distant. After an obstinate defence General Cronje surrendered on the 27th February and next day some 4,000 prisoners passed through the lines of the Guards Brigade, en route for Cape Town. On the 7th of March the action of Poplar Grove was fought, and on the 10th that of Driefontein, this latter by the 6th Division. To complete the success of the day, an advance of the Guards was ordered (but eventually countermanded). While making the necessary dispositions Major Maude met with a severe accident. His horse fell and crushed him badly, injuring his right shoulder. Though he was only a few days absent from duty the injury proved very grave, and lasting in its effects, and he never fully recovered the use of his right arm. Bloemfontein, the capital of the Free State, was occupied on 13 March, and two days later a flying column under Major General Pole-Carew left to open up the railway communications to the south. During the halt at Bloemfontein the 11th Division was formed. It was composed of the Guards and the 18th Brigade, and was under the command of Major General Pole-Carew, while Major Maude continued as Brigade Major to the Guards Brigade, under Major General Inigo Jones. It was not until 1 May that the march on Pretoria was resumed. Kroonstad was reached on 5 May Johannesburg was occupied on the 31st, and on 5 June the troops entered Pretoria, and Major Maude, with one company of the 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards, took formal possession of various official buildings. The Union Jack was hoisted in the Market Square, and that afternoon the troops were marched past Lord Roberts, the Guards Brigade leading. A week later, negotiations for peace having broken down, Lord Roberts attacked the Boers at Diamond Hill. Continuing the advance, Belfast was reached on 25 August Here Lord Roberta's force met that under Sir Redvers Buller coming up from Natal, and both were heavily engaged that day and the succeeding. From Belfast the 11th Division marched, and reached Nooitgedacht on the 31st. This was the principal camp of the British prisoners of war. The enemy still rearing, the Guards Brigade pushed on, and eventually arrived at Koomati Poort, the extreme limit of the Transvaal Territory, on 24 September. After a brief stay the Guards entrained for Pretoria, and the 11th Division having been broken up, Major General Inigo Jones's Brigade proceeded to Bloemfontein, and thence to guard the Drifts on the Orange River, a movement rendered necessary by the enemy having sent sundry raiding parties into Cape Town. The headquarters of the Guards was established at Naaupoort Junction on 24 December, and here Major Maude remained until his departure from South Africa on the 9th March 1901 to take up another appointment. While at Naaupoort, his work was mainly concerned with Staff duties connected with the various mobile columns and small garrisons which the changed features of the campaign had rendered necessary. From his arrival in South Africa till his departure, he carried out the lesson of his favourite motto, 'with both hands earnestly'. The official record of his service is: "South African War, 1899-1901, including advance on Kimberley, operations in the Orange Free State, actions at Poplar Grove, Driefontein, Karee Siding, Vet River and Zand River; and operations in the Transvaal, actions near Johannesburg, Pretoria, Diamond Hill and Belfast; operations in Cape Colony". Major Maude was mentioned in Despatches, received the Queen's Medal with six clasps and — for general gallantry during the campaign, when acting as Brigade Major — was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 27 September 1901]: "Fredwick Stanley Maude, Major, Coldstream Guards. For services in South Africa". The Insignia were presented in Canada by the Earl of Minto. In May 1901, Major Maude had gone out to Canada as Lord Minto's Military Secretary, and he held this appointment until 1904. He made all the arrangements for the Royal Tour in Canada in September and October 1901, and was awarded a Companionship of St Michael and St George. The Insignia of the Order were presented to him by the Duke of York at Ottawa in September 1901. He became Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War in 1905; was Chief Staff Officer, Coast Defences, Plymouth, from 1906 to 1908, and DAA and QMG, General Staff, 2nd London Division, Territorial Force, under Sir Henry Mackinnon, from 1908 to 1909; Assistant Director, Territorial Force, 1909-12. His work in the Military Training Directorate in connection with the Territorial Force was most valuable. He became Lieutenant Colonel in 1907; Colonel in 1911, and was Chief Staff Officer, 5th Division, at the Curragh, from 1912 to 1914. He was at the War Office, in the Military Training Branch, under Sir William Robertson, from January 1914, until the outbreak of the European War, when he was appointed to the Staff of the 3rd Corps, under General Pulteney, and proceeded to France. Colonel Maude was promoted to Brigadier General in October 1914, and was given command of the 14th Infantry Brigade. He took an active part in the fighting in Flanders, under General Sir Charles Fergusson, and was present at Hill 60. He was created CB in February 1915. In April 1915, he was severely wounded, spending three weeks in Lady Ridley's Hospital in London, when he returned to his Brigade in France. He became Major General in June, and assumed command of the 33rd Infantry Division in England, but had hardly settled down to his new duties when, in August 1915, he was sent at a few hours' notice to the Dardanelles. Maude arrived at the Dardanelles on the 23rd August; interviewed Sir Ian Hamilton on that date, and was given command of the 13th Division, which had seen some very hard fighting. In December a few days after the evacuation at Suvla Bay had been successfully accomplished, Maude was sent with his Division to assist at the evacuation of the Helles area, and he had to carry out the disembarkation from Gully Beach. A sudden storm made Gully Beach impracticable, the sea was rising fast, and Maude had to trek down to 'W' Beach, to see if he and his men could not manage to get away from there. The situation was intensely critical. At any moment the Turks might have awakened to the fact that the British Army was stealing away, and that the rearguard were at their mercy. Here Maude was at his best; all ranks testify to his conduct and to the nerve and example by which he kept everyone cool and steady. Nothing would induce him to part with a huge valise he was carrying; he was about the last man to embark, and the higher command became very anxious about Coldstream Guards
MauriceDavid BlakeCaptainMAURICE, DAVID BLAKE, Captain, was born 24 December 1866, eldest son of Oliver Galley Maurice, JP, of London Street, Reading, and Manton Grange, Marlborough. He was educated at Uppingham, and was in the Eleven and in the Fifteen, and entered the Royal Berkshire Regiment 17 April 1889, and became Lieutenant 1st Royal Berkshire Regiment 3 February 1892. He was Adjutant, 1st Royal Berkshire Regiment, 29 December 1894 to 28 December 1898, and became Captain 23 December 1899. Captain Maurice served in South Africa, 1899-1901, employed with Mounted Infantry, and as Railway Staff Officer 17 November 1900 to 30 April 1901, and 1 May 1901 to 11 February 1902. He was present at operations in the Orange Free State, February to May 1900, including actions at Houtnek (Thoba Mountain), Vet River (5 and 6 May) and Zand River; operations in the Transvaal in May and June 1900, including actions near Johannesburg, Pretoria and Diamond Hill (11 and 12 June); operations in the Transvaal, west of Pretoria, July to 29 November 1900, including actions at Frederickstad (17 to 25 October); operations in Orange River Colony, May to 29 November 1900, including actions at, Bethlehem (6 and 7 July). Wittebergen (1 to 20 July), Ladybrand (2 to 5 September), and Bothaville; operations in Orange River Colony, 30 November 1900 to 1901. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 10 September 1901]; received the Queen's Medal with five clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette 27 September 1901]: "David Blake Maurice, Captain, Royal Berkshire Regiment. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia were presented by the King 12 March 1902. Captain Maurice was Recruiting Officer, South African Constabulary, 8 September 1902 to 7 March 1903; Adjutant, QVB West Yorkshire Regiment, 17 March 1903 to 1 April 1906; was promoted to Major, 27 August 1908; commanded Depot, Royal Berkshire Regiment, 1908-12. He was Brigade Major, 77th Infantry Brigade, New Armies, 3 October 1914 to 22 February 1915; GS03, 2/1st North Midland Division, Central Force, Home Defence, 12 March 1915 to 16 May 1915; GSO2, Humber Garrison, 17 May 1915 to 14 July 1917; promoted to Lieutenant Colonel 4 September 1916; GSO1, Humber Garrison, 15 July 1917 to 10 November 1918. Lieutenant Colonel Maurice married, in 1903, Cecilia Evelyn, eldest daughter of James Simonds, JP, of Redlands, Reading.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
(Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Royal Berkshire Re
MaxwellDavid LockhartCaptainMAXWELL, DAVID LOCKHART, Captain, was born 16 October 1872, son of Surgeon Major Thomas Maxwell, of The Grange, Guildford. He served in the South African War, 1899-1902. He was mentioned in Despatches: received the Queen's Medal with five clasps; the King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 26 June 1902]: "David Lockhart Maxwell, Captain, Imperial Light Horse. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". He was invested by HRH the Prince of Wales, 1 July 1902, on Horse Guards' Parade. He became Major, 3rd Scottish Horse, in 1914. Major Maxwell served in the European War, in the Dardanelles, 1915, and was mentioned in Despatches. He retired as Lieutenant Colonel from the Scottish Horse Yeomanry. He married (1st), in 1905, Annie (died 1907), daughter of John Burns; (secondly), in 1914, Alice, eldest daughter of James Kennedy, of Doonholm, Ayrshire, and they had one son.
DSO, QSA (5) Eland DofL RofM Trans OFS (Capt ILH), KSA (2) (Capt DSO, ILH), 1914-15 Star (Maj DSO), BWM, Victory Medal (Lt Col). Sotheby's 1983 £600. Trafalgar 1989 £985.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Imperial Light Horse
MaxwellHenry EdwardMajorMAXWELL, THE HONOURABLE HENRY EDWARD, Major, was born 27 November 1857, son of Honourable Richard Maxwell, and brother of the 10th Baron Farnham. He entered the Army 11 September 1876, as Sub-Lieutenant, unattached; was gazetted to the 107th Foot 11 September 1876, and transferred to the 73rd Foot 31 October 1877, becoming Lieutenant, Royal Highlanders, 11 September 1878. He was Adjutant, Royal Highlanders, 24 December 1884 to 31 October 1888; was promoted to Captain 15 May 1885; was Adjutant, Militia, 1 November 1888 to 31 October 1893; became Major, Royal Highlanders, 3 January 1895. He served in the South African War, 1899-1902. In command 2nd Battalion Royal Highlanders (from 11 December 1899 to 25 January 1900). Afterwards in command of section, Harrismith - Bethlehem Line. Advance on Kimberley, including action at Magersfontein. Operations in the Orange Free State, February to May 1900, including operations at Panrdeberg 17 to 26 February (slightly wounded); action at Vet River. Operations in Orange River Colony, including actions at Rhenoster River, Wittebergen, and Witpoort. Operations in Cape Colony, south of Orange River, 1899. Operations in the Transvaal, November 1901 to March 1902. Operations in Orange River Colony, November 1900 to September 1901, and April to May 1902. Operations on the Zululand Frontier of Natal in October 1901. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 1O September 1901], received the Queen's Medal with four clasps, the King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 27 September 1901]: "The Honourable Henry Edward Maxwell, Major, Royal Highlanders. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia were sent to Lord Kitchener 18 January 1902, and were presented by Major General E S Brook, CB, at Tredonw, 4 June 1902. He became Lieutenant Colonel 12 December 1903; was given the Brevet of Colonel 12 December 1906, and retired with the rank of Colonel 12 December 1907. He was a JP and DL, and was High Sheriff, County Cavan, 1910. He married Edith, daughter of Colonel R A G Cosby, of Stradbally Hall, Queen's County, and they had one son and one daughter.
DSO, QSA (4) CC Paard Trans Witt (Maj Hon DSO, 2/R Hldrs), KSA (2) (Maj Hon, DSO, 2/R Hldrs). Christies 1987 £858. Christies 1991 est £600-700.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)
MayJohn CyrilLieutenantMAY, JOHN CYRIL, Lieutenant, was born 1 April 1874, son of J C Frampton May of Creech St Michael, Taunton. He joined the East Surrey Regiment as Second Lieutenant, from the Militia, 29 May 1895, and became Lieutenant 21 June 1898. He served in the South African War, 1899-1902; was present at the Relief of Ladysmith, including action at Colenso; operations of 17 to 24 January 1900, and action at Spion Kop; operations of 5 to 7 February 1900, and action at Vaal Kranz; during the operations on Tugela Heights, and action at Pieter's Hill; in Natal, March to June 1900, including action at Laing's Nek; in the Transvaal 30 November 1900 to May 1901; also in Orange River Colony, May 1901 (Despatches [London Gazette, 8 February 1901; Sir R H Buller, 30 March and 9 November 1900; and London Gazette, 10 September 1901]; Queen's Medal with five clasps, and King's Medal with two clasps). He was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 27 September 1901]: "John Cyril May Lieutenant, East Surrey Regiment. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia, Warrant, and Statutes were sent to the Commander-in-Chief in India, and presented by the GOC, Oudh District, at church parade, 22 February 1903. He was promoted to Captain 3 October 1903; was Adjutant, Volunteers, 11 September 1906 to 31 March 1908, and Adjutant, Territorial Force, 1 April 1908 to 30 November 1909. He was Temporary Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Berkshire Regiment (attached), 11 October 1915 to 22 May 1916. He married, in 1907, Edith Margaret, youngest daughter of Colonel S E Mamisell, RAMC, and they had one son.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
East Surrey Regiment
MaynardCharles Clarkson MartinCaptainMAYNARD, CHARLES CLARKSON MARTIN, Captain, was born 15 September 1870, youngest son of Forster Fowler Martin Maynard LRCP, MRCS; was educated at St Paul's School (Junior and Senior Foundation Scholar), and at the RMC, Sandhurst (Honours and Prize winner); joined the Devonshire Regiment as Second Lieutenant 8 October 1890; served in the Burma Campaign (Medal and clasp), 1889-92; was appointed Superintendent of Gymnasia, Malta, 1894; served in the Tirah Campaign, 1897 (Medal and two clasps); was promoted to Captain 17 February 1899; held the appointments of Railway Transport Officer, Punjab, and Station Staff Officer, Mian Mir, 1898-99. He served in the South African War, 1899-1902, as Press Censor, from 11 September 1901 to 31 August 1902; was employed with the Imperial Light Infantry; was present at the Relief of Ladysmith, including action at Colenso during operations of 17 to 24 January 1900, and action at Spion Kop; operations of 5 to 7 February 1900, and action at Vaal Kranz; during operations on Tugela Heights (14 to 27 February 1900), also action of Pieter's Hill; during operations in Natal, March to June 1900, including action at Laing's Nek (6 to 9 June); afterwards on the Staff. He was mentioned in Despatches (Sir R H Buller, 30 March and 9 November 1900 [London Gazette, 8 February 1901]); received the Queen's Medal with six clasps, the King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 19 April 1901]: "Charles Clarkson Martin Maynard, Captain, Devonshire Regiment. In recognition of services in the operations in South Africa". The Insignia, etc, were sent to the Commander-in-Chief in South Africa, and presented by the Officer Commanding. In 1902 he became Staff Officer, Zululand; graduated from the Staff College, 1903-4; was Brigade Major, 7th Brigade, Southern Command, 27 March 1905 and 30 June 1907; was GSO, 3rd Grade, Headquarters of Army, 1 July 1907 to 26 March 1909; was given the Brevet of Major 23 July 1910; was GSO, 3rd Grade, War Office, 17 March 1910 to 31 March 1911, and GSO, 2nd Grade, War Office, 1 April 1911 to 16 March 1914. He served during the European War, 1914 to 1920, as DAA and QMG, 3rd Division, British Expeditionary Force, 30 September 1914 to 5 February 1915; AQMG, 2nd Army Corps, 3rd Army, British Expeditionary Force, 6 February 1915 to 12 July 1915; AQMG, 3rd Army, British Expeditionary Force, 13 July to 19 August 1915. He was made Brigade Commander, 13th Infantry Brigade, British Expeditionary Force, 20 August 1915 to November 1915, and General Staff Officer, 1st Grade (Liaison Officer), British Salonika Force, 5 August to 5 December 1916; Brigade Commander, 82nd Infantry Brigade, British Salonika Force, 12 January 1917 to 12 January 1918; General Officer, Commanding-in-Chief, Allied Forces at Murmansk. He was given the Brevet of Lieutenant Colonel 18 February 1915, and Brevet of Colonel 1 January 1917. He was created CB 1918, CMG 1918, and KCB 1919, and received the 1914 Star, and was five times mentioned in Despatches. He was fond of outdoor sports of all kinds. Colonel Maynard married, in 1909, Dorothy Agnes, eldest daughter of Arthur Davidson, Kenilworth Avenue, Wimbledon Park, and they had one son and one daughter.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Devonshire Regiment
McClintockRobert LyleLieutenantMcCLINTOCK, ROBERT LYLE, Lieutenant, was born 26 March 1874, son of Colonel W McClintock, RA, of Dunmore, County Donegal. He was educated at Wellington College; entered the Army, as Second Lieutenant, Royal Engineers, 25 July 1893; became Lieutenant, Royal Engineers, 25 July 1898; served with the Niger Expeditionary Force, 1897-1898, including the Illah Expedition. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 2 January 1900], and received the Medal with clasp. He served in the South African War, 1899-1902, on the Staff, and was present at the Defence of Kimberley (slightly wounded). Operations in the Orange Free State, February to May 1900, including actions at Poplar Grove and Driefontein. Operations in Orange River Colony, May to November 1903, including action at Wittebergen. Operations in Orange River Colony and Cape Colony, 1900-02. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 8 May 1900]; received the Queen's Medal with three clasps, 'Defence of Kimberley', 'Driefontein', and 'Wittebergen', the King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished. Service Order [London Gazette, 19 April 1901]: "Robert Lyle McClintock, Lieutenant, Royal Engineers. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa”. The Insignia were presented by Lieutenant General Sir C Tucker, KCB, 9 November 1901. He became Captain 1 April 1904, and was given the Brevet of Major 2 April 1904. He served in the European War, in East Africa, 1914-18; was given the Brevet of Lieutenant Colonel 1 January 1917, and created a CMG, 1916. He was married, in 1908 to Jeanie, daughter of Sir G Casson Walker, KCSI, Assistant Minister of Finance to His Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad's Government.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Royal Engineers
McCormickJohnLieutenantMcCORMICK, JOHN, Lieutenant, was born in 1878. He served in South Africa, 1899-1902, with the Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen, becoming Lieutenant 14 March 1901. He was present in operations in the Orange Free State, 1900; operations in the Transvaal in May and June 1930, including actions near Johannesburg and Diamond Hill; operations in the Transvaal east of Pretoria, including the action at Belfast; operations in Cape Colony operations in Orange River Colony, August to September 1901; operations in Cape Colony, April 1901 to May 1902. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 29 July 1902]; received the Queen's Medal with five clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 31 October 1902]: "John McCormick, Lieutenant, Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". On retiring after the South African War he was confirmed in his rank of Honorary Lieutenant.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Tasmania contingent
McCrackenFrederick William NicholasLieutenant ColonelMcCRACKEN, FREDERICK WILLIAM NICHOLAS, Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, was born 18 August 1859, youngest son of R de Crez McCracken, of Blackheath, Kent, and of Elizabeth (Geary), his wife. He was educated at Sandhurst; joined the 49th Foot, as Second Lieutenant, 13 August 1879, and became Lieutenant 28 July 1880, in the Royal Berkshire Regiment He served in the Egyptian Campaign, 1882, and was present at the surrender of Kafr Dowar (Medal and Khedive's Star). He was Adjutant, 1st Berkshire Regiment, 21 March 1883 to 9 October 1885; became Captain 15 December 1884. He served in the Suakin Campaign, 1885; M'Neil's Zeriba; took part in the reconnaissance to Hasheen; actions at Hasheen and Tofrek; operations at and destruction of Tamai. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 15 August 1885]; received the Brevet of Major 14 August 1885, and two clasps to the Medal. He served on the Egyptian Frontier, 1885-86, and was present at the action of Giniss; was DAAG, Barbados, 1892 to 1897. He became Major 27 March 1897, and served throughout the campaign in South Africa. He was in command of the 2nd Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment from 12 October 1901 to 5 May 1902; was present in operations in the Orange Free State, March to May 1900; operations in the Transvaal, east of Pretoria, July to 29 November 1900; operations in the Transvaal, west of Pretoria, July and August 1900, including actions at Zilikat's Nek; operations in Orange River Colony, May to July 1900; operations in Cape Colony, south of Orange River, 1899 to 1900, including actions at Colesberg; operations in the Transvaal, November 1900 to July 1901; operations in Cape Colony, July 1901 to 31 May 1902; in command of a Column of mixed troops 21 June to 5 July 1900. At the conclusion of the war he was in command of a section of the blockhouse line on the railway and across country in Cape Colony, garrisoned by four battalions. He was mentioned in Despatches twice [London Gazette, 4 May 1900, and 29 July 1902]; received the Brevet of Lieutenant Colonel 20 November 1900; the Queen's Medal with three clasps, and the King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 31 October 1902]: "Frederick William Nicholas McCracken, Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Berkshire Regiment. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia, Warrant, etc, were sent direct, 10 January 1903. He became Lieutenant Colonel 30 April 1903, and Brevet Colonel 13 February 1905; AAG, India, and GSO1, India, 2 December 1907 to 16 March 1911; was created a CB in 1910; was Brigadier General, General Staff, Irish Command, 9 April 1911 to 21 October 1912; Brigadier General Commanding the 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Division, 22 October 1912 to 4 August 1914. He served throughout the European War from 1914; was promoted Major General for distinguished service in the Field 26 October 1914; was Divisional Commander, 15th Division, New Armies and British Armies in France, 22 March 1915 to 16 June 1917; Temporary Lieutenant General 17 June 1917 to 31 December 1918; commanding the 13th Army Corps, British Armies in France, 17 June 1917 to 13 March 1918; GOC-in-Chief, Scottish Command, 5 May 1918 to 8 June 1919. He was seven times mentioned in Despatches; was created a KCB in 1917, and promoted Lieutenant General 1 January 1919; appointed Commander of the Military Order of Savoy, Italy, 1917; Commander of the Order of Leopold (Belgium) in 1918, with Belgian War Cross; Commander of the Legion of Honour in 1919. In 1887 Lieutenant General Sir F W N McCracken married Ann Liston, daughter of T C Glover, of Mount Grange, Edinburgh, and Earlsferry House, Elie, Fife, Scotland, and they had one son, who died in 1914, aged 16, and had two daughters.
KCB (m), DSO, Egypt (2) Suakin 1885 Tofrek, QSA (3) CC OFS Trans, KSA (2), 1914 Star and Bar, BWM, Victory Medal with MID, Khedives Sudan Khartoum, Legion dHonneur (France) 3rd Class, Order of the Crown (Belgium) 3rd Class, Croix de Guerre (Belgium), Order of Savoy (Italy) Military 3rd Class. Salisbury Wardrobe Military Museum 1996.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
(Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Royal Berkshire Re
McHardyAlexander AndersonCaptainMcHARDY, ALEXANDER ANDERSON, Captain, was born 9 November 1868, only son of Lieutenant Colonel Sir Alexander McHardy, KCB, and Elise, daughter of Sir John and Lady Andersen; educated at Westminster School; joined the Royal Artillery 17 February 1888; Lieutenant 17 February 1891; served in Mauritius, South Africa, England, and the NW Frontier of India with Sir Bindoa Blood's Division, 1897-98, as Lieutenant in No 7 Mountain Battery, RA; Captain 17 August 1898; took part in the South African War as Divisional Signalling Officer 13 November 1899 to 14 December 1900 (Despatches; Queen's Medal, six clasps; King's Medal, two clasps). Created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 19 April 1901]: "Alexander McHardy, Captain, Royal Artillery. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". DAAG, Intelligence, Natal, December 1900 to July 1902; DAAG, Prisoners of War, 1902 to 1903; in Somaliland with the Boer Contingent and as Staff Officer, Mounted Troops, 1903 (Despatches; Medal with clasps); Staff Captain, RA, Western Command, 1904-5; GSO3, North-Western Coast Defences, 1905-8; was DAA and QMG, 2nd Division, Aldershot Command, 1909-11. From there he went to the Staff College; was appointed GSO, 2nd Grade, South China, 1913. During the European War he served as DAQMG from 14 December 1914 to 5 June 1915, and as AA and QMG from 6 June 1915 to 30 August 1916, and as DA and QMG from 30 August 1916 (with temporary rank of Brigadier General). Mentioned in Despatches; Brevet Lieutenant Colonel 23 June 1915; CMG 3 June 1916; Brevet Colonel, 1 January 1917; CB 1 January 1918; Commandeur de l'Ordre du Merite Agricole 28 September 1917; Croix de Guerre avec Palme 19 November 1918. He married, in 1904, Lilian Amy Byde, daughter of Coghlan McHardy, 1 Grenville Place, London, and they had one son.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Royal Artillery
McLaughlinHubert JamesMajorMcLAUGHLIN, HUBERT JAMES, Major, was born at Plymouth on 2 December 1860, third son of Major-General E McLaughlin and Mrs McLaughlin (daughter of James Bromilow, of St Helens, Lancashire), of the Lydiates, Brimfield, and grandson of the Reverend Prebendary McLaughlin and the Honourable Frederica Cotton. He was educated at Mr Pipon's at Chester, and afterwards at Sandhurst. He obtained his commission in the 94th Foot in August 1900, and in the following year went out to join his regiment, which was so cut up at Isandhlwana that there was nothing to join, and it was merged in the Connaught Rangers. He was besieged for 70 days at Standerton, and for his services in the Transvaal Campaign of 1881 was mentioned in Despatches. He transferred to the 19th Hussars in July 1884, and took part in the Nile Expedition of 1884-85, for which he had the Medal with clasp and the Bronze Star. In May 1888, he was promoted Captain, 5th Royal Irish Lancers; reached the rank of Major in 1893, and retired in 1899. He volunteered for the South African War, 1899-1902, and was employed with the Remount Department. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, in the Reserve of Officers, 18 October 1902; received the Queen's Medal with three clasps; the King's Medal with two clasps; was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 17 June 1902], and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order for showing extreme gallantry in going into Basutoland single-handed to get ponies [London Gazette, 26 June 1902]: "Hubert James McLaughlin, Major, Reserve of Officers, late 5th Lancers. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia, Warrant and Statutes were sent to the GOC, Transvaal, and presented by the GOC, South Africa, 18 May 1903. After the South African War he had the entire charge of repatriating the Boers, and a long account of his work was in the 'Times' at that time. At the time of his sudden death at Aldershot, 28 March 1915, he was Commandant, Central Remount Depot, Aldershot, and over 33,000 horses had passed through his hands. In 1915 he was offered the command of the 6th Reserve Cavalry, then at Dublin. Lieutenant Colonel McLaughlin married, in 1909, Winifred Hawthorne, only daughter of H M Hicks, of Brisbane, and left one son.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Reserve of Officers
McLeanArchibald AlexanderCaptainMcLEAN, ARCHIBALD ALEXANDER, Captain, was born in 1871. He served with the New South Wales Contingent in South Africa, 1900-2. He was present at the Relief of Kimberley; operations in the Orange Free State, February to May 1900, including operations at Paardeberg 17 to 26 February; actions at, Poplar Grove, Driefontein, Karee Siding, Houtnek (Thoba Mountain), Vet River (5 and 6 May) and Zand River; operations in the Transvaal in May and June 1900, including actions near Johannesburg, Pretoria and Diamond Hill (11 and 12 June); operations in the Transvaal, west of Pretoria, July to November 1900; operations in Orange River Colony (May to November 1903), including actions at Wittebergen (1 to 29 July) and Bothaville; operations in the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, April 1901 to April 1902; Assistant Press Censor. He was severely wounded; mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 16 April 1901]; received the Queen's Medal with seven clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 27 September 1901]: "A A McLean, Captain, New South Wales Contingent. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia were presented to him by Lord Tennyson, at Sydney, New South Wales, on 18 April 1902. He became Honorary Major, Reserve of Officers.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
New South Wales contingent
McLeodReginald George McQueenMajorMcLEOD, REGINALD GEORGE McQUEEN, Major, was born 25 June 1859. He was gazetted to the Royal Artillery 31 January 1878, as Lieutenant, becoming Captain 3 July 1885, and Major 30 July 1896. He served in the South African War, 1899-1902, as Commandant at Elandsfontein; took part in the operations in the Orange Free State, February to May 1900, including actions at Houtnek (Thoba Mountain), Vet River (5 and 6 May) and Zand River; operations in the Transvaal, May and June 1900, including actions near Johannesburg and Pretoria; operations in Cape Colony, south of Orange River, 1899-1900; operations in the Transvaal 30 November 1900 to June 1901; August 1901 to May 1902; operations in Orange River Colony, June to August 1901; operations in Cape Colony, April to May 1902. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 16 April 1901]; received the Queen's Medal with three clasps; King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 19 April 1901]: "Reginald George McQueen McLeod, Major, Royal Artillery. In recognition of services during the recent operations in South Africa". The Warrant, Insignia and Statutes were sent to the Commander-in-Chief in South Africa, and Insignia presented by the Duke of Cornwall and York 14 August 1901. He became Lieutenant Colonel, 19 October 1903; was given the Brevet of Colonel, 19 October 1906, and retired 19 October 1908, with the rank of Colonel. Colonel McLeod died 21 September 1910. He had married, in 1902, Cicely Knightley, daughter of W Boyd, of North House, Long Benton, Newcastle.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Royal Artillery
McLoughlinMark WilsonCaptainMcLOUGHLIN, MARK WILSON, Captain, was born on 23 September 1877, at Bradford, Yorkshire, son of Mark McLoughlin, of Cork, and of Jane McLoughlin (nee Harrison, of Cork). He was educated at a private school, and joined the Army on 26 December 1899. He served in South Africa with Roberts's Horse, the Western Light Horse, and Scott's Railway Guards, 1899 to 1902. He was mentioned in Despatches; awarded the Queen's and King's Medals with seven clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order, for extricating a patrol from an ambush under difficult and hazardous circumstances [London Gazette, 31 October 1902]: "Mark Wilson McLoughlin, Captain, Scott's Railway Guards. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". He rejoined the Army, with the rank of Major, 21 December 1914, and was mentioned in Despatches for his services in connection with the German South-West African Campaign and the campaign in German East Africa. He was promoted Lieutenant Colonel 1 July 1917, and was awarded the OBE in 1918.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Scott's Railway Guards
McMickingHarryCaptainMcMICKING, HARRY, Captain, was born 28 October 1867, youngest son of G McMicking, of Miltonise, Wigtownshire. He was gazetted to the Royal Scots 14 September 1887; became Lieutenant, 4 June 1890, and Captain, 24 June 1896. He served in the South African War, as Adjutant, Mounted Infantry, 9 October 1899 to 6 October 1900; as Staff Officer to Mounted Infantry 7 October 1900 to 17 October 1900; as Brigade Major 18 October 1900 to 26 June 1902. Captain McMicking was present at the Relief of Kimberley: operations in the Orange Free State, February to May 1900, including operations at Paardeberg, 17 to 26 February, actions at Poplar Grove, Driefontein, Vet River (5 and 6 May) and Zand River; operations in the Transvaal in May and June 1900, including actions near Johannesburg, Pretoria and Diamond Hill (11 and 12 June); operations in the Transvaal, east of Pretoria, July to 29 November 1900, including action at Reit Vlei; operations in the Transvaal 30 November 1900 to April 1902 (in command of a column 21 April to 28 July 1901, and 7 December 1901 to 20 January 1902); in command of a column during operations in the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, April to 31 May 1902. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 16 April 1901, and 29 July 1902], received the Queen's Medal with six clasps, the King's Medal with two clasps, was placed on the list of officers qualified for Staff employment in consequence of service on the Staff in the Field, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 27 September 1901]: "Harry McMicking, Captain, Royal Scots. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia were presented by the King 24 October 1902. He was Staff Captain, Infantry Brigade, Malta, 10 February 1903 to 9 February 1906; and was promoted to Major 5 December 1904. Major McMicking was GSO2, Lowland Division, Scottish Command, 18 October 1909 to 30 September 1911; became Lieutenant Colonel, 14 August 1912. He served in the European War, 1914-15; was mentioned in Despatches; held a special appointment at Aldershot 1 October 1918 to 12 January 1919; was temporarily in command of the 3rd Battalion Royal Scots, from 6 January 1919; was given the Brevet of Colonel 3 June 1919. Colonel McMicking married, in 1907, Gertrude, only daughter of the Duke de Stacpoole and Pauline, only child of Edward MacEvoy, late MP, County Meath, and they had two sons.
CB (m), DSO, QSA (6) RofK Paard Drief Joh D-H Belf, KSA (2), 1914 Star and Bar, BWM, Victory Medal (Lt Col). Edinburgh Castle 2000.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
MearesAubreyLieutenantMEARES, AUBREY, Lieutenant, was born 12 October 1873, son of Hugh Meares, of Ryde. He was educated at Burneys and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and joined the Army 10 February 1893, as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. He served in South Africa, 1899-1902, taking part in the advance on Kimberley, including actions at Belmont, Enslin, Modder River and Magersfontein; operations in the Transvaal, west of Pretoria, July to 29 November 1900, including actions at Venterskroon (7 and 9 August); operations in Orange River Colony, May to 29 November 1900, including act ions at Lindley (1 June) and Rhenoster River. He was mentioned in Despatches twice [London Gazette, 10 September 1901, and 29 July 1902]; awarded the Queen's Medal with four clasps; the King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 31 October 1902]: "Aubrey Meares, Lieutenant, Royal Engineers. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". He was promoted Captain 5 January 1904, and retired with that rank from the Service 8 December 1909. Captain Meares returned to serve in the beginning of the European War, but had to leave on account of ill-health. Captain Meares married, in 1906, Edna Clara Amethyst, daughter of Captain E Wigley Burt, RN, of Fernleigh, Ryde, and they had two sons.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Royal Engineers
MeiklejohnRonald ForbesCaptainMEIKLEJOHN, RONALD FORBES, Captain, was born 9 October 1876, son of Captain John F Meiklejohn, late Royal Horse Artillery. He was educated at Rugby, and joined the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, 5 September 1896, becoming: Lieutenant 6 April 1898. He served in the Nile Expedition in 1898, taking part in the Battles of the Atbara and Khartoum (Medal, and Egyptian Medal with clasps). He served in the South African War, 1899-1900, taking part in the Relief of Ladysmith; operations in Cape Colony, 1899. He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 8 February and 10 September 1901]; received the Queen's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 27 September 1901]: "Ronald Forbes Meiklejohn, Captain, Royal Warwickshire Regiment. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia were presented by the King 24 October 1902. He had been promoted to Captain 1 April 1900. Captain Meiklejohn passed the Staff College; was Staff Captain, Naval Base, Cape Colony District, 18 June 1904 to 1 May 1906; Staff Captain, Coastal Defence, Eastern Command, 2 May 1906 to 17 June 1908; DAA and QMG, Coastal Defence, Scottish Command, 1 April 1910 to 30 April 1914; was promoted to Major 6 April 1914. He was employed under the Admiralty 5 April 1918 to 20 January 1919; was GSO, 2nd Grade, Northern Russia Expeditionary Force, 21 January 1919. Major Meiklejohn married, in 1903, Kathleen Stella, daughter of Henry Myburgh, Imperial Ottoman Consul at Cape Town, and they had one son.
DSO, Queens Sudan (Lt 1/R War Regt), QSA (2) Rofl CC (Capt Devon Regt), 1914 Star and Bar (Maj DSO R War Regt), BWM, Victory Medal (Lt Col), Order of St Anne (Russia) 2nd Class with swords, Order of St Vladimir (Russia) 4h Class with swords, Khedives Sudan (2) The Atbara Khartoum. London Coin 1982 £1,100.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Royal Warwickshire Regiment
MidgleyStephenCaptainMIDGLEY, STEPHEN, Captain, was born at M'Leay River, New South Wales, 29 May 1871, fourth son of James Midgley, of Queensland, Australia. He was educated privately, and served in South Africa, 1900-1 and 1902; was promoted from Lieutenant to Captain in the Field, when serving with the Pietersburg Light Horse. He was mentioned in Despatches; awarded the Queen's and King's Medals, and created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 31 October 1902]: "Stephen Midgley, Captain, Pietersburg Light Infantry. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". He received a commission as Lieutenant with Royston's Horse; served during the Natal Rebellion of 1906 (Medal). In the European War Major Midgley was wounded, and for his services was mentioned in Despatches, and created a CMG in 1916. In the autumn of 1916 he was promoted Lieutenant Colonel, and given the command of the 54th Battalion Australian Imperial Force. He was sent to Australia on account, of ill-health in December 1917. Colonel Midgley married, in 1916, Katharine Emily Mary, widow of Frank Evans, Junior, of Bredwardine, Hereford.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Pietersburg Light Horse
MilfordALieutenantMILFORD, A, Lieutenant, served in the South African War of 1899-1902; was mentioned in Despatches, and created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 19 April 1901]: "A Milford, Lieutenant, Frontier Mounted Rifles. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia were sent to the Commander-in-Chief in South Africa, and presented in South Africa.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)
Frontier Mounted Rifles
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