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 Surname   Forename   Rank   Notes   Unit 
SteijnPovis Hermanus PetrusSersantAwarded the ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
SteynMartinus THe was born near Winburg in 1857 the son of Mr M Steyn and the daughter of Commandant Wessels. He was educated in Bloemfontein, Holland and London. His legal expertise led to his appointment as State Attorney for the Free State, 1889-1893. He was later appointed to be First Puisne Judge, 1893-1896. In 1896, he became State President of the Orange Free State, aged 39. In 1897 a Joint-Federal Council was appointed (consisting of five members from each Republic) to discuss questions of mutual importance, and it was then arranged that the franchise should be granted indiscriminately to burghers of both States, both States agreeing to stand by each other in the event of war. As a result of this agreement Mr Steyn played a prominent part in the Conference at Bloemfontein in 1899 and acted as mediator between President Kruger and Sir Alfred Milner. When war was inevitable, he joined his commando in the field. When Bloemfontein fell to the British in March 1900, he joined General de Wet's commandos and took part in all three De Wet hunts; the first into the Transvaal, where he encouraged the Transvaal forces in the Eastern Transvaal, and the second and third hunts to invade the Cape Colony. He was nearly captured near Bothaville in November 1900 and in Reitz in July 1901. Towards the end of the war he became very ill. The illness prevented him from signing the peace treaty. After the war he made a partial recovery. He died in 1916 and was buried at the Vrouemonument (Women's Memorial) in Bloemfontein. Second biography. He was born in the Orange Free State in 1857, three years after the Republic had come into existence. He received little systematic education until, at the age of twelve, he was sent to Grey College at Bloemfontein. Later on, through the influence of Judge Buchanan, he went to Holland to study law, afterwards proceeding to London, where he was called to the Bar of the Inner Temple. Returning to South Africa he practised for a few years in the Free State; became Attorney General, and was raised to the Bench in 1889, where he remained until 1895, discharging his judicial functions in a careful and conscientious manner, and holding himself aloof from politics. In that year Mr Reitz resigned the Presidency, and Mr Steyn offered himself as a candidate, defeating his opponent, Mr J G Fraser (at that time Chairman of the Volksraad) by an overwhelming majority. For many years the Orange Free State had been rightly regarded as a model Republic, with liberal laws, and quite sufficiently progressive for the needs of the burghers. Public questions were really only matters of domestic policy until President Kruger began to inspire the Free Staters with his ambitions schemes to weave all South Africa into one whole Afrikander nation. Mr Steyn could not resist participating in such a dream, and in accordance with an understanding come to with the Transvaal before the Bloemfontein Conference of May, 1899, when the Presidents of both Republics met Lord Milner, Mr Steyn threw himself wholly into the conflict which Mr Kruger had precipitated, and with the Free State forces remained in the field long after his leader had fled to Europe. After the capture of Bloemfontein and the destruction of the Waterworks Mr Steyn fled with his commandos, shifting his capital to Kroonstad, Heilbron, and other places. In May, 1901, his burghers were losing heart, and thought it was time to consider a better means of attaining their ends than by the arbitrament of the Mauser. But Mr Kruger and the Boer delegates in Europe conveyed great hopes of a satisfactory end of the long struggle, and Mr Steyn, although not relying upon foreign intervention, gave orders for the war to continue. Meanwhile Mr Steyn had joined General De Wet , and in his flight before the British forces he was taken prisoner, having seriously injured his spine. In consideration of this, and also as he was suffering from his eyes, he was allowed to proceed to Europe to join his wife, who was a Scotch lady, and his children. But already his health had completely broken down under the hardships of war, and he was so weak as to be unable to walk. The fortitude with which he had faced the dangers of the field, the enormous sacrifices he had made, and his firm adherence to Mr Kruger's policy combined to make him very nearly an object of adoration amongst the Boers in Holland and the Hollanders themselves. Messrs. Fischer and Wessels met the ex-President at Southampton, and induced him to trans-ship at once for the Hook of Holland, in order that he might avoid the friendly welcome that the British were ready to extend to one who was so recently a brave and gallant fee. Arriving in Holland Mr Steyn was conveyed at once to Scheveningen, where President Kruger visited his faithful ally—or, as some might say, his victim. But so weak was Mr Steyn that his doctor would only countenance a very brief interview. He expressed the belief that the Boers would recover politically what they had lest for the time being, but his health did net permit of his being actively associated with such a consummation. On the other hand, he eventually returned to the Orange River Colony to devote himself to the mere peaceful pursuit of farming near Kroonstad.Boer Forces
SteynPieter Johannes J.BurgerAwarded the LVW & ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
StraussFrederik JohannesSersantAwarded the ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
StraussJan JacobusArtilleristAwarded the LVW & ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
StrydomChristoffel JacobusSers/Maj.Awarded the LVW & ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
StrydomPieter JacobusLieutenantAwarded the DTD & ABO. O.V.S. ArtillerieBoer Forces
SwaevelderDavid JacobusArtilleristAwarded the ABO. Gen. P. CronjeBoer Forces
SwanepoelChristian BurgerBurgerAwarded the ABO. StaatsartillerieBoer Forces
SwanepoelMartinus Phillipus PetrusArtilleristAwarded the ABO. StaatsartillerieBoer Forces
SwartMatthys HendrikArtilleristAwarded the ABO. StaatsartillerieBoer Forces
SwartPieter Jakobus HerkulasArtilleristAwarded the ABO. Comdt. EloffBoer Forces
TaljaardDaniel PetrusSersantAwarded the LVW & ABO. StaatsartillerieBoer Forces
TaljaardJacobus DirkArtilleristAwarded the ABO. O.V.S. ArtillerieBoer Forces
TempelhoffWilhelm GustafArtilleristAwarded the LVW & ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
TheronDaniel (Danie) Johannes StephaCommandantHe was born in 9 May 1872 at Tulbagh in the Cape. Initially he worked as a teacher and later studied law. In 1895 he served in the Mmalebogo War. He rose to prominence for assaulting W F Moneypenny, editor of the Star, for allegedly insulting womanhood. He was fined for the assault but the money was paid by his sympathisers. When the Boer War started, he served a Captain in the Transvaal Cyclist Corps. He was present at Colenso. He then commanded a corps of scouts and became legendary. During the engagement at Paardeberg, he carried a message from General Christiaan de Wet to General Cronje. He later commanded Theron se Verkenningskorps with a strength of around 100. Theron was killed on 5 September 1900 at Elandsfontein near Potchefstroom, in action against Major General Hart's column. Boer Forces
TheunissenJasper JohannesSersantAwarded the ABO. StaatsartillerieBoer Forces
TheunissenJohannes GodliepArtilleristAwarded the ABO. Comdt. G. JoubertBoer Forces
ThielHerman GustavBurgerAwarded the ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
ThompsonPhiluppis JackobusArtilleristAwarded the ABO. ArtillerieBoer Forces
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