BAD A spring, bath.
BERG A mountain.
BILTONG Dried meat.
BOER Literally farmer; often used as generic term for a Dutchman of South Africa.
BRANDWACHT An outpost, or picket; literally beacon or camp fire.
BULT A ridge in a rolling down country; literally a hump.
BURG A town; literally a borough.
BURGHER A male inhabitant of one of the Boer Republics who possessed full political rights.
BUSH Country covered in a varying degree with trees and undergrowth.
BUSHVELD Generally used in the Transvaal in reference to the low veld, in contrast to the high veld of the south and east and the bushveld of the north-east and north.
COMMANDANT Senior officer of a commando; a commander.
COMMANDEER To requisition for military service.
COMMANDO A Boer military force of any size, usually the fighting force of one district.
CORPORAL Assistant to a Veld-Cornet (q.v.).
DONGA A cutting made on the surface of the ground by the action of water--sometimes filled with water, often dry.
DOPPER A sect, religious, and to some extent political, among the Boers.
DORP A village.
DRIFT A ford.
FONTEIN A spring; literally a fountain.
HOEK A re-entrant in a range of hills; literally corner; also used for pass and ravine.
HOOFD An adjective signifying head or chief.
IMPI A Zulu army.
INDABA Native council.
INDUNA Zulu, or Kaffir, chief.
INSPAN To attach transport animals of any kind to their vehicles--to get ready to march--to harness-up.
KLOOF Ravine, a gorge; literally a cleft.
KOP A hill; literally head.
KOPJE A small hill.
KRAAL Native village, or collection of huts; an enclosure for cattle.
KRANZ, KRANTZ or KRANS Cliff.
KRIJGSRAAD War council.
LAAGER Camp, bivouac.
LANDDROST Boer magistrate.
MORGEN A land measurement, roughly equal to two acres.
NEK A pass between two hills of any height.
PAN A pond, full or empty; a saucer-like depression, usually dry in winter.
PLAATS House or farm. The term is equivalent to "an estate," large or small.
PONT A ferry-boat or pontoon, worked by ropes or chains.
POORT A gap, breaking a range of hills; literally gate.
RAND Ridge or edge--i.e., the edge of a plateau.
ROER An old-fashioned gun or rifle.
SANGAR Anglo-Indian term for a stone breastwork.
SCHANZ Stone entrenchment or breastwork.
SLOOT or SLUIT Open watercourse; an artificial ditch or gutter.
SPAN A team of animals.
SPRUIT A watercourse, sometimes dry.
STOEP A masonry platform in front of a house; a verandah.
TREK To travel--march.
UITSPAN To detach transport of any kind from their vehicles--to halt--to unharness. Used as a substantive to denote the public places on main roads set aside for watering cattle and encamping.
VECHT-GENERAL Fighting General as opposed to the Administrative General.
VELD The country as opposed to the town; the open country.
VELD-CORNET The senior officer of a ward or sub-district.
VLEI A small lake, usually formed by the widening of a stream.
VOLKSRAAD Parliament; People's Council.
WAPENSCHOUW Rifle meeting.
WIJK Ward, constituency.
WINKEL Shop or store.
ZARP A member of the Transvaal Police (Zuid-Afrikaansche-Republiek-Politie).
ZWART or SWART Black.