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TOPIC: Medals to the 5th Dragoon Guards

Medals to the 5th Dragoon Guards 3 years 9 months ago #46102

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QSA (4) TH OFS RoL Tr (Capt. C.H. Stuart. 5/Drgn. Gds.)
KSA (2) (Maj. C.H. Stuart. 5/Dgn. Gds.)

Major Claude Houston Stuart-French, born March 1867, the third son of Major-General William James Stuart and Eleanor French; educated at Sherborne School, the King's School, Rochester, and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, February 1887; promoted Lieutenant, January 1889; appointed Aide-de-Camp to the Governor and Commander in Chief of Western Australia, February 1891; transferred as Captain, 5th Dragoon Guards, October 1896; served during the Second Boer War, and took part in the Relief of Ladysmith, including operations of the 5th-7th February 1900 and the action at Vaal Krantz; the operations on Tugela Heights and action at Pieter's Hill; operations in the Transvaal, 1900; in Natal, 1900; in the Transvaal, east of Pretoria, 1900; and in the Orange River Colony, 1900; twice Mentioned in Despatches, and promoted Brevet Major, 29.11.1900; changed his name by Royal Licence to Stuart-French in 1911 in order to inherit from his elder brother Thomas the estate of their uncle Thomas French; served during the Great War with the 5th Dragoon Guards as Deputy Assistant Quarter Master General to General Burn Murdock; died of heart failure, 23.12.1916, and is buried in Bishop's Stortford Old Cemetery, Hertfordshire
Dr David Biggins
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Medals to the 5th Dragoon Guards 9 months 4 days ago #63233

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QSA (3) Natal OFS Tr (4003 PTE T GOODMAN 5TH DRAGOON GUARDS.)
KSA (2) (4003 PTE T GOODMAN 5TH DRAGOON GUARDS.)
1914 Star and Bar Trio 6514 (SDLR SJT T6 GOODMAN 7TH D GDS)
ARMY LS&GC GV (6514 L SJT T GOODMAN 7TH D GDS.)

Died 21 October 1914 in France and Flanders. Buried Mazargues Cemetery, Marseilles.
Dr David Biggins
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Medals to the 5th Dragoon Guards 5 days 13 hours ago #67582

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Alfred René Heneage was born on 10 June 1858 in Stags End, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England, the third son of Edward Fieschi Heneage (1802-1880), Member of Parliament for Grimsby, and his second wife, Renee Elisabeth Levina Hoare (1825-1871). Educated at Cheltenham College, Heneage was commissioned a Sub Lieutenant in the 74th Highlanders on 11 September 1876 and promoted Lieutenant on 11 September 1877. The regiment was associated with the 71st Highland Light Infantry on 1 July 1881 and redesignated the 2nd Battalion Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment).

Upon the outbreak of hostilities in 1882, the 2nd Bn. Highland Light Infantry was ordered to proceed to Egypt, arriving in Alexandria on the 20th of August with an effective strength of 30 officers and 776 other ranks. The regiment formed part of the Highland Brigade and saw considerable action during the Battle of Tel-el-Kebir. On the evening of the 12th of September, the Brigade was ordered to advance under the cover of darkness. A night attack had never before been attempted by British troops and caused some confusion. Still, the Brigade reached neared the Egyptian positions just before daybreak on 13 September and charged the last 150 yards under heavy enemy fire. The defenses were stormed and, by 6 A.M., the battle was over.

Lieutenant W.M.M. Edwards, 2nd Bn. Highland Light Infantry, received the only Victoria Cross awarded for the battle by leading a party storming one of the Egyptian redoubts. The regiment lost 3 officers and 18 other ranks killed, and 5 officers and 54 other ranks wounded, suffering heavier casualties than any other unit at the battle. Total British casualties were 9 officers and 48 other ranks killed, 28 officers and 353 other ranks wounded. 24 officers and 628 other ranks from the 2nd Bn. Highland Light Infantry received the clasp for Tel-el-Kebir. Heneage was among those wounded in action and he was invalid directly to England after the battle. Heneage received the Egypt Medal with one clasp and the Khedive’s Star for this war service.

After the war, the 2nd Bn. Highland Light Infantry returned to England before departing for India on 1 October 1884, reaching Bombay on the 29th of October. The regiment was in India when Heneage was promoted Captain and transferred to the 5th Dragoon Guards on 23 May 1888. Heneage appears to have been a strong horseman as he won the 5th Dragoon Guards Challenge Cup in 1893 riding his own horse, Sea King.

Heneage served with the 5th Dragoon Guards while they were stationed in the United Kingdom but was assigned to the depot at Canterbury when the 5th Dragoon Guards were posted to India on 6 September 1893 and remained with the depot until September 1897. After this, Heneage traveled to India to rejoin the regiment, being promoted Major on 22 January 1898. At this time, the regiment was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel R. S. Baden-Powell, who would go on to fame for leading the defense of Mafeking (October 1899 to May 1900) and for founding the Boy Scouts in 1908.

Heneage served with the 5th Dragoon Guards during the Boer War. The regiment was stationed in India and was among the first units ordered to South Africa. Heneage arrived at Ladysmith on 26 October 1899 as commander of B Squadron, just prior to the beginning of the siege.

Heneage’s first action occurred on 30 October 1899 at Lombard’s Kop. General Sir George White commanded an attack on the Boer positions beginning at dawn but the British infantry came under heavy fire and their advance soon bogged down. The Cavalry Brigade, including the 5th Dragoon Guards, was called out to extradite the force. It was during this that Lieutenant John Norwood, 5th Dragoon Guards, received the only Victoria Cross ever awarded to the regiment for rescuing a wounded soldier under heavy enemy fire. On 3 November, Major Heneage (commanding B Squadron) was again involved in a similar action near Long Valley when the regiment was called out to cover the retreat of the Imperial Light Horse from a difficult position.

After these initial defeats, the British made no further effort to break out from Ladysmith and settled into the routine of a siege. The next several months were spent defending positions and occasionally probing the Boer lines. Major Heneage was involved in one such sortie on 7 December but like other such attempts to probe the Boers, this failed due heavy and accurate enemy shell and rifle fire. The last major action of the siege was on the 5th and 6th of January at Platrand, when the Boers attacked the British positions and the 5th Dragoon Guards, including Heneage, were sent to reinforce the Imperial Light Horse on Wagon Hill.

Soon after, Major Heneage was stricken with typhoid fever (a.k.a. enteric fever) and spent the next several months on the sick list. During the siege of Ladysmith, the 5th Dragoon Guards lost more soldiers to this dreaded disease (25 killed) than to enemy action (11 men killed or wounded). Heneage was fortunate to have survived. As it was, Heneage was invalid back to England immediately after the siege was lifted (on 28 February 1900) to recuperate.

Heneage returned by the summer of 1900 and was appointed second-in-command of the 5th Dragoon Guards on 20 August 1900, a post he held for the remainder of his military career. Heneage spent the rest of the Boer War like most other cavalry troops, defending the lines of communication and making sweeps across the veldt in the hopes of capturing Boers. Heneage took part in the operations in the Transvaal, east of Pretoria, 1900; in the operations in Natal, 1900; during operations in the Transvaal, east of Pretoria, 1900; and operations in Orange River Colony, 1900. He also served in the Transvaal 30 November 1900 to August 1901, November to December 1901, and in the operations in Orange River Colony, May 1901. Heneage again became ill and was invalid home for England on 20 December 1901 on board the Hospital ship Dunera. This late departure brings to question whether Heneage truly qualified for the King’s South Africa Medal. Heneage appears on the 5th Dragoon Guards KSA Medal Roll and would have had to serve in South Africa after 1 January 1902 to qualify for this medal. The 5DG was ordered to India on 19 March 1902 and there is no indication that Heneage returned before this date. If he didn’t return, then it’s possible his Commanding Officer included him on the roll anyway, perhaps not wishing to begrudge the man this reward for serving throughout the Boer War, including being invalid home twice.

For his war service, Heneage received the QSA Medal with three clasps and the KSA Medal with two clasps. Heneage was mentioned in despatches (London Gazette 10 September 1901) and awarded the Distinguished Service Order (London Gazette 27 September 1901). This decoration was dated 29 November 1900 and most likely was for his service at Ladysmith. The Insignia were presented to Major Heneage by King Edward VII on 12 May 1902. Only two Victorian Distinguished Service Orders were gazetted to the 5th Dragoon Guards, both for Boer War service. The other, to Lieutenant (later Colonel) W.Q. Winwood, is at the Chester Military Museum.

Heneage never married and resigned from the 5th Dragoon Guards on 11 November 1903, a premature end to his military career. Apparently, the many years of campaigning, illnesses, and wounds finally took their toll. Local sources indicate that he stumbled across Thetis Island, Chemainus, British Columbia, Canada (near Vancouver) on a trip home from Japan in 1904 and decided to purchase 73 acres. Major Heneage and his unmarried sister, Eveline, spent the rest of their days there, becoming local celebrities.

Heneage died on 3 May 1946 at age 87 and his sister in 1952 at 90 years of age. Their cousin, the Reverend Thomas Robert Heneage (later the 3rd Lord Heneage) immigrated to Victoria, British Columbia, in 1909 and served as the Executive Commander for the Boys Scouts Association of British Columbia from 1912 to 1922.

Upon the death of Major Heneage, Eveline donated the homestead to the Anglican Church and moved to Victoria. Under the name of Camp Columbia, it later was used to provide camping programs for children, youths, and families of the Anglican Church.
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