|Charlton||Lionel Evelyn Oswald||Lieutenant||CHARLTON, LIONEL EVELYN OSWALD, Lieutenant, was born 7 July 1879, son of William O Charlton, of Hesleyside, Northumberland. He was educated at Brighton College; passed the Staff College; joined the Lancashire Fusiliers, as Second Lieutenant, 28 September 1898; became Lieutenant, Lancashire Fusiliers, 1 September 1899. He served in the South African War, 1899-1902. Relief of Ladysmith, including operations of 17 to 24 January 1900, and action at Spion Kop (slightly wounded). Operations in the Transvaal in May and June, 1900, including action at Laing's Nek (6 to 9 June). Operations in the Transvaal, east of Pretoria, July to 29 November 1900. Operations in Orange River Colony, May to 29 November 1900. Employed with Imperial Yeomanry. Again slightly wounded (February 1902). He was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 8 February 1901]; received the Queen's Medal with rive clasps, the King's Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 19 April, 1901]: "Lionel Evelyn Oswald Charlton, Lieutenant, Lancashire Fusiliers. In recognition of services during the operations in South Africa". The Insignia, etc, were sent to South Africa, but returned, and presented by HM the King to Captain Charlton. He was promoted Captain, Lancashire Fusiliers, 5 October 1901; became Lieutenant, Imperial Yeomanry, 17 April, 1901 to 23 September 1902; became ADC to Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Leeward Islands, 29 April, 1908 to 18 April, 1909; became Captain, Royal Flying Corps, 28 April 1914; was Temporary Lieutenant Colonel, Lancashire Fusiliers, 18 August 1915 to 31 December 1916, and Major, Lancashire Fusiliers, 1 September 1915. During the European War he has been created a CMG; was GSO1, War Office, 19 March 1916 to 27 February 1917; was given the Brevet of Lieutenant Colonel 1 January 1917; was temporary Brigadier General 28 February 1917 to 31 March, 1918; and Director of Military Aeronautics, War Office, 28 February 1917 to 17 October 1917; Brigade-Commander, 5th Brigade, Royal Flying Corps, British Armies in France, 18 October 1917 to 31 March 1918; employed under the Air Ministry, 1 April 1918. For his services in the European War lie was given the Brevet of Lieutenant Colonel, created a CMG, 1916, and a CB, 1919. In 1919 he was appointed Air Attache, British Embassy, Washington. He has written a book for the use of students in Hausa.|
CB (Mil, n/b), CMG (b/b), DSO, QSA (5) CC OFS RofL Tr LN (Capt L E O Charlton DSO Lanc Fus), KSA (2), (Capt DSO Lanc Fus), 1914 Star and clasp (Capt DSO L Fus Attd RFC), BWM, VM & MID (Brig Gen RAF), France, Legion of Honour, Officer's breast badge, gold and enamels, Royal Humane Society, small bronze medal (Successful) (Lieut Oct 29 1899), 3rd Yorkshire Imperial Yeomanry Medal, South Africa 1901-1902 (Capt). DNW Sep 03 £15,000.
Source: DSO recipients (VC and DSO Book)