|Coleman||J||SSM||Staff Sergeant-Major J. Coleman is known to have been issued with a replacement New Zealand L.S.& G.C. - the above is the original. He is also known to have been issued with a replacement New Zealand M.S.M. - the above is the replacement; the original medal is known to exist. The New Zealand (Permanent Militia) L.S. & G.C. Medal instituted in 1887 and discontinued in 1898 was of the same design as the New Zealand Police L.S.& G.C. Medal; 105 are known to have been issued. Joseph Trevor Coleman was born at Chester, England, on 10 January 1862 and arrived in New Zealand as a young man. His trade prior to enlistment was groom. He enlisted in the Armed Constabulary Field Force on 26 September 1881 and was transferred on 7 October to Opunake, being mobilised to ?quell the Maori rising at Parihaka, on the West Coast of Taranaki.? At this time, Parihaka was the centre of a very strong movement of passive resistance against the encroachment of Europeans. It was this movement which caused the Armed Constabulary to be called out to ?quell the rebellion.? Although his wife claimed after his death that he possessed the New Zealand Wars Medal, there is no evidence of this. Constable Coleman was transferred to the Waikato District on 4 March 1882. In 1886, after the passing of the Defence Act, the Permanent Militia was established and many personnel of the Armed Constabulary transferred to the Artillery Section of the Permanent Militia. This later became No. 1 Service Company of the Permanent Militia and, in 1902, the Royal New Zealand Artillery. Joseph Coleman served for 13 years in the artillery at Fort Takapuna, Auckland as an Artillery and Drill Instructor and was promoted to Bombardier. In 1898 he applied for a transfer to Dunedin and also permission to get married. He was transferred to No. 1 Service Company detachment at Lyttelton on 19 July 1898, three days after his marriage. He was detailed for temporary duty as a Volunteer Drill Instructor at Christchurch and was also employed as a Gunnery Instructor at Fort Jervois during the period of the Lyttelton Naval Volunteers 'in camp' training. Coleman was transferred on 15 May 1900 to the Militia and Volunteer Staff as a Sergeant Major Instructor, Permanent Staff, and was also an Instructor for the Mounted Corps, particularly the 1st and 2nd Canterbury Mounted Rifles, and assisted with training of personnel for the 3rd and 7th New Zealand Contingents for the South African (Second Boer) War. He was also involved in the Royal Visit in 1901. Sergeant Major Coleman served with the South Island Battalion, 10th New Zealand Contingent in the South African War (Second Boer War). Major W.S. Pennycook stated that Coleman actually served in the rank of Regimental Sergeant Major in 2nd Regiment of the 10th New Zealand Contingent during May-June 1902. He was attached to the 9th Contingent at Durban in July 1902 for the return journey to New Zealand aboard the SS Orient. On arrival in New Zealand he was transferred to Auckland in October 1902. In late December 1906, he applied for a commission in the Permanent Forces. This was declined as was a similar application in 1908. In 1909 he applied for promotion as Warrant Officer and was appointed as such on the New Zealand Permanent Staff on 4 June 1909. He applied again for a commission in 1910 but this was again denied on the grounds that he did not have the attributes of an officer. Supported by a number of very senior officers, the case finally reached the Prime Minister. Coleman was posted to the 4th Waikato Mounted Rifles at Hamilton and on 12 November 1913 he was finally commissioned as a Lieutenant in the New Zealand Staff Corps, and subsequently promoted Temporary Captain on 19 January 1914, and appointed Adjutant. He was next appointed Group Commander at Hamilton. Captain Coleman was then posted as Commander of Group 20 at Wanganui, where on 29 November 1916 he suffered a stroke. He was retired on superannuation on 3 June 1917 after 25 1/2 years of continuous service and an aggregate of over 29 years total service. Joseph Trevor Coleman died at Christchurch on 23 April 1919 aged 57 years, leaving a widow and two children. He had married Elizabeth Ann (surname unknown but born at Sandhurst, Victoria, Australia) at Takapuna on 16 July 1898. Joseph Coleman applied for the award of the New Zealand Long Service and Good Conduct Medal on 28 December 1899 and was presented with this award on 24 May 1900 at Christchurch. He applied for the award of the Meritorious Service Medal in March 1905 and, at the same time, requested that his New Zealand (Permanent Militia) Long Service Medal be returned to him. This latter medal had been surrendered by Coleman in 1901 on being awarded the New Zealand Long Service and Good Conduct Medal as regulations did not permit the wearing of two medals with the same ribbons. This regulation had in the meantime been amended, and the medal was ordered returned to him on 15 May 1905. |
QSA (1) SA02 (S.S.M. Instr., 2nd Regt. 10th N.Z. Cont.); New Zealand (Permanent Militia) L.S. & G.C. (No.171 1/c Gunner, N.Z.P.M. 1895), ring and straight bar suspension; New Zealand L.S.& G.C., V.R. (No.171 Bombr., No.1 Service Coy. N.Z.P.M. (1900)); New Zealand Meritorious Service Medal, G.V.R.., 4th issue, robed bust (Staff Serg. Major (W.O.) N.Z. Perm?t. Staff 1911). DNW Mar 2008 £1,900.
|New Zealand, 10th Contingent|